Are you sick? Have you had a runny nose, sore throat, or a temperature for a few days? Or are you concerned that you could be getting some serious illness? Do you need to know if it’s normal?
When people feel unwell for a few days, it usually isn’t anything to worry about. However, sometimes these common sicknesses can turn into something much larger. This is why it’s so important that you’re aware of the signs when something is too much.
Below, we list four of the most common illnesses people need to be aware of so they know if their symptoms are normal.
1. Common Sicknesses: Colds and Sinus Infections
Common colds and sinus infections are common ailments that many people experience each year. The common cold lasts four to 14 days and is caused by viruses that spread from person to person. Symptoms include a sore throat, a runny nose, coughing, and feeling fatigued.
Sinus infections are often caused by bacteria and are the result of colds or allergies. Symptoms generally include congestion, facial pain, fever, and headaches.
Both illnesses can be uncomfortable, so it is important to rest and drink plenty of fluids. Over-the-counter medications such as decongestants and increased airflow can help relieve symptoms.
More severe cases may require antibiotics. It is important to contact a direct primary care physician if pain or discomfort persists for an extended period.
2. The Flu
The flu is caused by the influenza virus. It is a contagious pathogen that is spread through coughing, sneezing, and contact with other droplets. The most common symptoms of the flu include fever, chills, cough, muscle aches, fatigue, loss of appetite, and nasal congestion.
Though the illness can range from mild to severe, severe cases of the flu can lead to complications like pneumonia, respiratory failure, and even death. Vaccines can help reduce the risk of catching the flu.
They are especially common in late spring, summer, and early fall due to pollen and other allergens. Symptoms can range from sneezing, congestion, a runny nose, and itchy eyes to more serious issues such as asthma and anaphylactic shock.
Common allergies can be treated with antihistamines, nasal sprays, and other medications, but those with more serious cases might need more aggressive treatment.
Allergy sufferers should take steps to limit their exposure to allergens, such as wearing a mask, keeping indoor areas clean, and changing their clothes after being outside.
4. Stomach Viruses
A stomach virus, also known as gastroenteritis, is one of the most common illnesses that affect people each year. It is a contagious condition that is caused by a virus and is usually spread through close contact with an infected individual or through contact with contaminated objects.
The best way to treat a stomach virus is to rest and drink plenty of fluids. Over-the-counter medications can help relieve discomfort, but it is important to consult with a doctor for more severe cases.
Be Aware of Potential Illnesses
Overall, common illnesses can significantly impact people in subtle and profound ways. While each person may be affected differently, everyone should be aware of the potential illnesses they may face.
Taking frequent preventative measures, such as regularly washing your hands and getting the recommended vaccinations each year, can help you stay healthy. Talk to your doctor to see what you can do to help keep yourself free from common sicknesses.
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